By Samhar Almomani on Aug 12, 2022
In January 2022, UNICEF was able to slightly mitigate the problem of lack of visibility in a report called “Seen, Counted, Included: Using data to shed light on the well-being of children with disabilities," where key findings were presented regarding people with disabilities. However, it also found that people with disabilities are more likely to never attend school, experience discrimination, and feel unhappy.
By Samhar Almomani on Aug 8, 2022
Predictions put the best-case scenario, based on previous trends, that it will take up to eight years to somewhat recover from pandemic-induced poverty and return to pre-COVID child poverty levels. As many countries have tried to start moving on to a post-pandemic world, some countries are still struggling with many of COVID’s effects.
By Samhar Almomani on Aug 1, 2022
A recent study published in The Lancet Global Health found that children with retinoblastoma in a low-income country are at a 16 times higher risk of dying from the condition during the three years after their diagnosis when compared to those living in high-income countries.
By Samhar Almomani on Jul 25, 2022
In many countries around the world, people with disabilities experience exclusion and discrimination due to their disability. This affects not only the people with disabilities but also their families, and it leads to a cycle of poverty perpetuated by employment and housing discrimination. There are many drivers of the stigma, which means that there is a multitude of ways to address the issue.
By Samhar Almomani on Jul 22, 2022
Leprosy is usually found in areas affected by poverty due to overcrowding and poor nutrition making people overly susceptible to the disease. Today, the disease is still a major source of disability and social ostracism. The consequences of a leprosy infection may sometimes extend beyond treatment (UCNTD).
By Samhar Almomani on Jul 18, 2022
A guide developed by the Global Down Syndrome Foundation (GLOBAL) provides a new set of guidelines to address medical needs for people with down syndrome. GLOBAL’s recommendations deal with the nine most common types of health problems that prove challenging for adults with Down syndrome.
By Samhar Almomani on Jul 11, 2022
An investigation by BBC Africa Eye has revealed a hidden trafficking network that brings in children with disabilities from poor rural regions of Tanzania and forces them into what is nothing short of modern-day slavery, begging on the streets of Nairobi, Kenya.
By Samhar Almomani on Jul 8, 2022
In the West African country of Sierra Leone, birthers are asked to find two units of blood before their due date by asking for donations from their families. One in 20 birthers in Sierra Leone die as a result of pregnancy or childbirth, according to estimates from the United Nations. Most of the deaths occur due to excessive blood loss.
By Samhar Almomani on Jul 5, 2022
Since there is a clear connection between educating women and improving their living conditions, it is paramount to support organizations that are working on reducing the inequalities currently present in education. An example of such an organization would be Femme et Education des Adultes (FEDA), which is a nonprofit NGO established in 2007 on International Literacy Day.
By Samhar Almomani on Jul 1, 2022
Across clinics in the United States, small human tests are being conducted using a new HIV vaccine technology that is inspired by the same technology that brought us the coronavirus vaccines in under a year. Even though no one expects such success with HIV, as it is a way harder enemy than COVID, it still is a promising technology that can save the lives of many.
By Samhar Almomani on Jun 28, 2022
The world is connected in many ways, and what happens in one region is likely to affect another. There are many examples of global incidents that required global health interventions and collaborations between international partners. In an ever more connected world, it is paramount for us to ensure that our global health taskforce is well-equipped for challenges, such as COVID outbreaks.
By Samhar Almomani on Jun 24, 2022
Infertility has largely been ignored in low- and middle-income countries for decades. A 2013 paper that appeared in Public Health Ethics by ethicist Marie-Eve Lemoine made the case that fertility is a human right. Although men are more likely to suffer from infertility than women, women are usually blamed for it. Lemoine emphasizes that in developing countries, women who are unable to have children are often ostracized and find themselves isolated from their communities and are likely to suffer economically when their partner leaves them.
By Samhar Almomani on Jun 20, 2022
Trachoma is a global leading cause of preventable blindness that is spread via infectious origin. The infection is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, and is a disease related to water, sanitation and environmentally related hygiene. Trachoma can be spread easily through direct personal contact, shared clothes and towels, and by flies that come into contact with the eyes or nose of an infected person.
By Samhar Almomani on Jun 17, 2022
An article by Dominic Kirui appeared on Global Health NOW on March 23, 2022 that highlights how villages and slums are suffering due to the rise in population. Kirui focuses on Kibera, the largest slum in Africa, and specifically Laini Saba, a village within Kibera. Mary Ndira, who lives with her family in Kibera slums, tells Kirui of the challenges that she has to go through.
By Samhar Almomani on Jun 13, 2022
In a new report published on May 16 by the WHO and UNICEF, research revealed that more than 2.5 billion people need one or more assistive products, such as wheelchairs, spectacles and hearing aids. However, nearly one billion of them are denied access to these integral technologies, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
By Samhar Almomani on Jun 8, 2022
On April 10, an article appeared in the Washington Post titled “Despite a decades-long effort, babies are still dying of SIDS.” The article by Marlene Cimons traces back the effort to the Safe to Sleep campaign, which was launched in 1994, and urged people to place babies on their back when they are putting them to bed and to make sure that the crib is free of anything soft that night risk infant suffocation, such as pillow, blankets or stuffed toys. In the years following that campaign, the cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) fell by more than 50 percent, but the decline has stopped.
By By Samhar Almomani on Jun 3, 2022
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) is a weekly publication by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that publicizes the latest epidemiological advancements and research related to public health. In the May 6, 2022 MMWR, an article appeared discussing the arthropod-borne viruses, or arboviruses, that are transmitted to humans through the bite of mosquitoes and ticks
By Samhar Almomani on May 31, 2022
An op-ed titled “Six Nuns Came to India to Start a Hospital. They Ended Up Changing a Country” by Jyotu Thottam appeared in the New York Times on April 2nd and seeked to describe the long-term positive impact a small group of people can affect if they set out to do it the right way.
By Samhar Almomani on May 23, 2022
On May 18th, 2022, Massachusetts health officials announced that they confirmed a case of monkeypox. This was the first case of this rare and, in some cases, fatal viral infection. Although stories of monkeypox infections in the United States are usually brushed off as an anomaly, this news comes amid a few clusters of infections appearing outside the area where the disease is usually found. A day before the case in the U.S., the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had expressed concern about an unusual outbreak of the infection in the United Kingdom, where the first outbreak was spotted.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on May 19, 2022
On the third Thursday of every May, people around the world celebrate Global Accessibility Awareness Day. The day was founded by the Global Accessibility Awareness Day (GAAD) Foundation, an organization that works to promote digital accessibility, access and inclusion globally.
By Samhar Almomani on May 17, 2022
In a chapter published in “Social Injustice and Public Health,” Karen R. Siegel, K.M. Venkat Narayan and Derek Yach set out to explain the social injustice seen in chronic and non-communicable disease.
By Samhar Almomani on May 10, 2022
Last year, the World Health Organization (WHO) started efforts to promote a standard of fully vaccinating 70 percent of every country’s population against COVID-19 by June 2022. However, with that deadline quickly approaching, it is becoming clear that the world is going to fall short of that ambitious goal.
By Samhar Almomani on May 2, 2022
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever are both fatal, life-threatening diseases caused by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi bacteria. The bacteria can be spread by consumption of contaminated food or water and affects an estimated 11-21 million people worldwide every year. Although the disease is rare in the United States, it is very common in other parts of the world.
By Samhar Almomani on Apr 29, 2022
In the April 15, 2022 MMWR, an article appeared discussing the progress towards achieving polio eradication worldwide. Since the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) was first established in 1988, the number of polio cases has plummeted by approximately 99.99%, making the initiative a success for the most part. However, wild poliovirus (WPV) remains endemic in two countries: Pakistan and Afghanistan.
By Samhar Almomani on Apr 25, 2022
As of April 11, the United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner had recorded 4,450 civilian casualties due to the invasion of Ukraine. A total of 1,892 people were killed. Most of the civilians deceased were due to the use of explosive weapons with a wide impact area, which includes shelling from heavy artillery, multiple launch rocket systems, missiles and air strikes that kill people indiscriminately.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Apr 22, 2022
Today, on April 22nd, the world will come together to celebrate Earth Day. The day has been celebrated at the same time every year since it first started in 1970 and was created due to an increasing amount of leaded gas being used in inefficient cars.
By Samhar Almomani on Apr 15, 2022
A book that was originally published in 1992 by social scientists Hennie Swanepoel and Frik de Beer introduced ideas followed by community workers today about how to ensure that poverty does not continue to transcend generations.
By Samhar Almomani on Apr 8, 2022
Chagas disease, also known as the “kissing disease,” is considered one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), which are diseases that have been forgotten by developed countries because they usually plague lower-income countries.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Apr 8, 2022
A year after the pandemic disrupted the lives of many, WFCF set out to raise funds to aid in the equitable distribution of COVID-19 vaccines to developing regions that have been largely left out of the global vaccine supply.
By Samhar Almomani on Apr 1, 2022
In the March 18, 2022 MMWR, an article appeared discussing the progress achieved regarding maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT).
By Samhar Almomani on Mar 30, 2022
In February 2021, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) worked with the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) to present key findings announced in the UNODC Fifth Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.
By Samhar Almomani, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Mar 22, 2022
Adolescent pregnancy is most often not the result of deliberate choice, but rather the absence of choices, and of circumstances beyond a girl’s control.
By Samhar Almomani on Mar 22, 2022
On March 21st the global population united to celebrate World Down Syndrome Day.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Mar 11, 2022
We want to help but may feel overwhelmed by options of who to send aid through or where to even begin. Below are a few local (to Pennsylvania) and national organizations that you can donate to with confidence and help the people of Ukraine.
By Samhar Almomani on Mar 8, 2022
The United Nations announced last year that there are more children than ever before currently living as migrants or refugees, outside of their birth countries.
By Samhar Almomani, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Feb 25, 2022
Because extreme weather events, such as heatwaves and heavy rain, are on the rise, it is paramount that we act quickly and set up appropriate and sustainable interventions.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 18, 2022
On Valentine’s Day, World Forgotten Children Foundation kicked off their Share the Love campaign to raise funds for children and communities that could use our help.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 11, 2022
Five years ago, the UN announced plans for Sustainable Development Goals focused on ending poverty, zero hunger, good health and well-being, sustainable cities and communities, and climate action, amongst others.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Jan 26, 2022
In 2019 the board of WFCF realized that an expanded mission could offer a helping hand to the entire population which, in turn, would bring benefits to all.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Jan 13, 2022
As we move into this new year we are pleased to share with you our 2022 plans.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Oct 6, 2021
When deciding what worthy charitable organization you want to make contributions to, you will understandably want to see your gift at work.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Sep 16, 2021
Meet Erin Whitsel, WFCF’s Development Coordinator.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Sep 3, 2021
WFCF currently has three funding campaigns in process to support children with disabilities in China, and also communities currently combatting the Covid-19 pandemic in Africa, and developing nations worldwide.
By Erin Whitsel, WFCF Blog Editor on Aug 18, 2021
WFCF had the pleasure of providing more funds to the Jusarang Community Church to support with critical building repairs.
By Lindsay Wertman, WFCF Blog Editor on Aug 12, 2021
Once a virus has been widely circulating in a population and causing infections, the likelihood of that virus mutating greatly increases.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Aug 6, 2021
Water is an invaluable resource - used daily and integrated into every part of our lives. Our very livelihoods depend on it, and sadly, it is something heavily taken for granted by so many
By Lindsay Wertman, WFCF Blog Editor on May 21, 2021
Although the world is currently still struggling to come out of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to remember other widespread diseases impacting individuals globally.
By Lindsay Wertman, WFCF Blog Editor on Feb 12, 2021
In less than 12 months, research teams all over the world have worked intensely to develop safe and effective vaccines that protect from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Nov 12, 2020
For children with special needs, the equipment that they use daily is essential to their comfort and well-being and cannot be underestimated.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Nov 12, 2020
GivingTuesday was created in 2012 with a very simple concept – designate a day that encourages people to do good.
By Lindsay Wertman, WFCF Blog Editor on Oct 30, 2020
International China Concern (ICC) was founded in 1993 by David Gotts after he saw firsthand the suffering that so many children with disabilities in China were experiencing after being left abandoned in desperate conditions
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Aug 24, 2020
August 19th, 2020 marked the eleventh year of World Humanitarian Day, a day that commemorates humanitarian workers killed and injured in the course of their work, and also honors all aid and health workers who continue, despite the odds, to provide life-saving support and protection to people that need it the most.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Aug 24, 2020
This Spring, through a very generous donation from the Hyojin Kim Nirav Patel Foundation, WFCF allocated US$ 4,087 of the funds to go toward CCTV camera installation, a door replacement, and wall and window remodeling at the facility.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Aug 18, 2020
Even though every corner of the world is currently battling the COVID-19 pandemic, there is another major health crisis that no country is immune from and that is malnutrition.
By Lindsay Wertman, WFCF Blog Editor on Jun 26, 2020
WFCF has enjoyed collaborating with Garry Brooks aka “Mr. Garry” and African Community Project for several years now and we were very fortunate to be able to learn a little bit more about him and his mission.
By Abdoul Amadou, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jun 26, 2020
According to the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University, there are nearly 9 million confirmed cases, and the number keeps growing on a daily basis.
By Dr. Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Executive Director of WFCF on Jun 24, 2020
From Syria to Sudan, there are approximately 125 million people around the world who rely on outside assistance, and unfortunately during these times, these groups of people have been given less focus due to the urgency and necessity of dealing with COVID-19.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 14, 2020
According to the World Health Organization, the estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 1,100 live births worldwide.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 14, 2020
More than 10 million babies are born each year with a serious birth defect.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 5, 2020
Recently, WFCF expanded its mission as an effort to not only support these children in need, but also the underprivileged communities that they live in.
By Saeed Otufat-Shamsi, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Nov 18, 2019
According to a UN report, more than 700 million people, or 10% of the world population, are living in extreme poverty, surviving on less than $1.90 USD per day.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Nov 12, 2019
The World Forgotten Children Foundation recently had the opportunity to support another repair project at the Jusarang Community Church, also known as the “Baby Box Church.”
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Sep 20, 2019
Some people take their mobility for granted, not realizing how much they are moving until something goes wrong or becomes increasingly difficult. For others, each day they struggle to achieve and/or maintain mobility.
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Aug 8, 2019
As human beings, hope is mentally engrained in us to help make present difficulties much easier to bear.
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jul 30, 2019
The consequences of neglect in the future could cause potential harm to the physical and emotional well-being of the neglected child as they grow older.
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jul 10, 2019
While disabilities can appear in many forms, it is no surprise that disabilities affect people in different ways.
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jul 2, 2019
Every year, thousands of babies, children, teens and adults are affected with cleft and craniofacial conditions in the United States.
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jun 19, 2019
Recently, WFCF had the pleasure of interviewing Luke McAuley about his experiences helping children in the rural parts of Kenya.
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jun 13, 2019
Did you know that humans, animals and even plants can have albinism?
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on May 30, 2019
In the U.S. alone, around 1,500 babies are born every year with spina bifida.
By Sara Nutaitis, WFCF Blog Guest Author on May 30, 2019
The Bamboo Project is the movement of American families adopting children with Down syndrome, from China.
By Josephine Dadeboe, WFCF Blog Guest Author on May 28, 2019
Whether mobility is considered a privilege or a right, some people don’t even have the chance to consider this notion in some parts of the world.
By Sara Nutaitis, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Feb 15, 2019
Unfortunately, even though those with their own biological children looking to adopt has become more prevalent, the overall number of adoptions in America, especially for international adoptions, has been declining.
By Abdoul Amadou, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Feb 15, 2019
Up to eight million children live in orphanages across the world, despite more than 90% having at least one living parent.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Jan 28, 2019
Once crumbled and cracked, the stairs leading up to the “baby box” at the Jusarang Community Church in Seoul, South Korea, can now be considered a “stairway to hope.”
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Nov 23, 2018
WFCF is inviting NGOs and not-for-profit organizations to submit their project for funding consideration.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Oct 11, 2018
Educational institutions worldwide are continually striving to create the most inclusive environments possible for their students.
By Sara Nutaitis, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Sep 21, 2018
When examining the quality of life and overall health and wellbeing of individuals with special needs across the globe, the one common factor that can greatly enhance their survival and quality of life is their access to mobility and assistive devices.
By Abdoul Amadou, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Aug 31, 2018
The world is witnessing more humanitarian crises than ever before. Children are being forced to become “adults” and take care of themselves and sometimes their younger siblings; at worst, they are ending up severely injured or dead.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Jul 9, 2018
During the month of June, the World Forgotten Children Foundation (WFCF) hosted its first-ever "Faces You Can't Forget – Month of Giving."
By Abdoul Amadou, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jul 3, 2018
Over the past several years, child mortality has started to steadily decline in virtually every country worldwide.
By Sara Nutaitis, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jun 22, 2018
POTS is a worldwide illness, affecting millions of people.
By Nicole Elliott, WFCF Blog Guest Author on Jun 18, 2018
In Russia, nearly 30% of all children with disabilities are in state orphanages, while 95% of all orphaned children in the country have at least one living parent.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on May 23, 2018
After a long winter, the staff at IGI Global decided to take advantage of a nice spring day and gathered together outside for a picture wearing their World Forgotten Children Foundation polo shirts.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Apr 24, 2018
Every child deserves to sleep comfortably and soundly. For many children of the world, falling asleep is a constant struggle, especially for those with Cerebral Palsy.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Apr 12, 2018
WFCF has registered with several giving sites, providing us with more ways to communicate with and engage the online community.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Apr 11, 2018
Social unrest, conflict, and tensions are on the rise all over the world, creating detrimental living conditions for children and adults.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Apr 4, 2018
WFCF and ICC are helping to provide the services and equipment needed to improve the quality of life for disabled children in China.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 21, 2018
This year, WFCF celebrates 15 years of service to the disabled orphans of the world—the forgotten.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 21, 2018
For the children of the Zimba Community Forest, mobility agents are nothing short of a blessing.
By Saeed Otufat-Shamsi on Aug 1, 2017
In a beautiful fall afternoon in an afﬂuent neighborhood of West Vancouver where the typical conversations are around business transactions, luxury houses and cars, and lavish trips, I met with a young couple that had a very speciﬁc concern.
By Gary James on Feb 1, 2017
In our own ways, all of us give thanks.
By Charles L. Kern on Aug 1, 2016
As the years have come and gone, I sometimes look back at my life so far, and the life of friends and others that I have known, and ask the question, "What Is the Meaning of Life?"
By Rev. Michael Gingrich on Feb 1, 2016
“But every child around the world deserves that kind of care and support. Every child around the world deserves to see light in the circumstances of his or her life.”
By Saeed Otufat-Shamsi on Aug 1, 2015
The integration of a disabled child is not the norm in many cultures.
By Gary James on Feb 1, 2015
Meeting the basic needs of suffering children who are disabled and orphaned requires more of us than giving our time and money.
By Charles Kern on Aug 1, 2014
In many of the world’s cultures, especially in the cultures that are served by WFCF, just surviving from day to day is a struggle.
By Rev. Michael Gingerich on Feb 1, 2014
There are far too many children around the world who don’t have that support nor the excellent care they need to thrive, to be strong or to grow into their potential.
By Saeed Otufat-Shamsi on Aug 1, 2013
Not all the children are receiving the care and attention that they require.
By Dr. Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Executive Director on Aug 1, 2013
There are many children around the world who are born into loving families, but regrettably, this is not always the case.
By Kristin Klinger on Aug 1, 2010
For populations around the world lacking technology, the gap of the have’s and have not’s is deafeningly clear and carries with it serious repercussions to the people of less fortunate regions.
By Gary James on Apr 1, 2010
When we see that everything in our universe in connected, even levels that we cannot perceive, we realize living separately is fiction.
By Rev. Michael D. Gingerich on Aug 1, 2009
I serve on the board of WFCF to be a voice for so many other children whose stories need to be told, whose lives need to be touched.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 1, 2009
As the realities of the worldwide economic downturn become more apparent with each passing day, it is often a challenge to look for the positive aspects of our lives and the world around us.
By Tom Campton on Feb 1, 2009
The following excerpt is from an article written by Dr. David Vader, a member of Messiah College’s Collaboratory for Strategic Partnerships and Applied Research.
By Dr. Mohammad Dadashzadeh, Oakland University on Aug 1, 2008
Never underestimate the power of one.
By Dr. Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Executive Director on Aug 1, 2008
In a world where many children are dealing with poverty and despair, handicapped orphaned children in third world countries are among those who are facing the most difficult and cruel realities of life.
By Gary James on Apr 1, 2008
From children being sold into sex slavery in Vietnam to victims of racial and ethnic cleansing in Africa and Europe, one might conclude that our human existence has never been devalued to such an extent.
By Rev. Michael Gingerich on Aug 1, 2007
The late Fred Rogers, Mister Rogers, to generations of children and their parents, had a simple, yet deeply profound way of teaching about life’s most important and vital lessons.
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on May 1, 2007
The mission of WFCF is to provide medical care and treatment to orphaned and abandoned children in third world countries. Why do it? Why do we do it? Why should you do it?
By Dr. Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Executive Director on Nov 1, 2006
The Axis of Goodness refers to three major components of all kindness and compassion provided to those around the world. These components are referred to as “Supporters,” “Providers,” and “Facilitators.”
By Beth A. Peiffer, Past President on Feb 1, 2006
“We see the world not as it is, but as we are.”
By World Forgotten Children Foundation on Feb 1, 2006
Charitable giving can benefit both the recipient and the donor.
By Beth A. Peiffer, Past President on Sep 1, 2005
When we stop to reflect upon this reality, we realize how fortunate we are to have food, clothing, shelter, family, jobs, infinite opportunities, and most importantly, our health.
By Gary James and Rev. Michael Gingerich on Sep 1, 2005
HIV/AIDS is decimating Africa and help is needed urgently to begin to stop this pandemic from destroying the present and the future of this great and beautiful continent.
By Beth A. Peiffer, Past President on Apr 1, 2005
There is an unimaginable degree of joy in seeing a smile on the face of a child, particularly if that child happens to live in an unequipped orphanage home for physically or mentally challenged children.